Is Christ Divided?

Nearly two thousand years ago, the Apostle Paul asked a rhetorical question to the church he had planted in the city of Corinth, “Is Christ divided?” Of course, the answer to him was obvious- just as he hoped it would be to the Corinthian believers- “No.” However, if history has shown us anything, it is that the answer to this question has been far from obvious to many believers down through the centuries…. Zwingli and Luther Case and point, October 1st-4th, 1529 AD, Martin Luther and Ulrich Zwingli, the great instigators of the Protestant Reformation, met to see if they could work out their differences regarding the one article of faith about which they disagreed (the nature of the Lord’s Supper). It did not end well. They agreed on justification by grace alone, through faith alone, in Jesus Christ alone and they agreed on the authority of Scripture (all told, they agreed on 14 of 15 articles of the faith). But, on the nature of the Lord’s Supper, on the presence of Christ at the communion table, they could not see eye to eye, though they both rejected the Catholic teaching of Transubstantiation (that the bread and wine turn into body and blood of Jesus Christ during the Mass). Both men- passionate for Christ and his gospel- could not reconcile this point with one another. In conclusion, Martin Luther was reported to have said, “We are not of the same spirit.” How sad that, in hindsight, we can say- with near certainty- “yes, yes you were of the same spirit, but in your fervor for ‘truth’ you were both blinded to ‘the Truth’.” They were both so caught up in the nuance of the Lord’s table that they missed the significance of it! The communion table reminds us all that we are imperfect and sinful creatures, in constant need of a perfect and holy Savior. It points us back to what Christ did for us on the Cross, while at the same time reminding us of the great supper yet to come, when we will all sit down together with Christ in eternity to celebrate His great and glorious work of salvation. Communion should have brought these two men together in their shared heart for the gospel (John 17:17-26), but instead their own zeal drove them apart. How different might the landscape of Protestantism (which, ever since, has been prone to division) be today had these two men been able to come together, 485 years ago, in gospel centered unity? Unfortunately, we will never know, but we can learn from them. How many debates that are raging within the Evangelical church today are reminiscent of Luther and Zwingli? Before we draw swords on one another, Cessationalist vs. Charismatic, Baptist vs. Pentecostal, Calvinist vs. Arminian, we would to do well to remember the Professor of Wittenberg and the Pastor of Zurich. Let’s ask ourselves, are we fighting over essentials (the person and work of Christ, the authority and sufficiency of Holy Scripture, salvation by grace alone, through faith alone, in Jesus Christ alone, etc.) or are we expending most of our energy waging intramural debates (about the use of hymns vs. contemporary songs in worship on Sunday mornings, the cognitive vs. experiential nature of Christianity, the exact nature of the Holy Spirit’s ongoing ministry in the life of the believer and the church, etc.). If the former, then by all means let us continue to, “contend for the faith that was once for all delivered to the saints” (Jude 1:3). However, if we find ourselves majoring on the latter, let’s heed the words of the Apostle Paul, which he wrote to the church in Corinth, “I appeal to you, brothers, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that all of you agree, and that there be no divisions among you, but that you be united in the same mind and the same judgment” (I Corinthians 1:10).

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